Foot pain is common, and there are many different causes. If you have had some sort of trauma like kicking something hard or dropping something on your foot, there may be the possibility of a broken bone. If you have not had any trauma, there are many different causes: skin problems like blisters and ulcers, joint problems like arthritis or gout, or muscle and tendon problems like Achilles tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis. If you have severe pain, or pain that is not settling with simple pain relief then you may need to seek advice from your doctor.
If you have had a nasty traumatic injury and have severe pain you may require an X-ray. Symptoms that suggest a fracture are if you are unable to stand on the injured foot, if the foot appears to be at a different angle to normal and if there's significant bruising and swelling around the area. There are many simple causes of foot pain that don’t require anything other than some self-treatment at home. Tight or badly fitting footwear, and doing too much of one repetitive exercise, can be common causes of foot pain.
Resting the foot, raising it up, and taking some simple pain relief such as paracetamol is a good place to start. If there has been an injury, an ice pack or bag of peas wrapped in a tea towel may provide some added relief. Your pharmacist is an expert and can recommend further treatments such as insoles, different pain killers, or treatment for many common skin, nail and foot conditions.
Most causes of foot pain will improve with some self-treatment. If you still have pain that is not improving after two weeks then you should book a routine appointment with your doctor to discuss. You should seek more urgent medical attention if you have severe pain. If you are concerned you have suffered a fracture, or have a nasty injury to your foot, you will likely require an X-ray. If you have severe symptoms such as numbness, weakness, fevers, or a break to the skin and have other medical conditions such as diabetes, you should seek urgent medical advice from your doctor or 111.
The doctor will ask you about your symptoms, your medical history, any relevant family medical history, and what medications you are currently taking. They will examine your feet, check your temperature, and potentially do other tests such as a blood test or an X-ray. If you attend hospital, a doctor or nurse will examine you, and if there is a concern for a fracture you will have an X-ray and various other tests. If a fracture is confirmed you will be advised of the best next step. Other causes for foot pain like ulcers, bunions, cuts and gout may require specific tests and treatments.